More about Conewago! and more about Low Dutch…

Feel free to share these items, just credit DUTCH LETTERS (date), free genealogy round robin published by Carolyn Leonard. Anyone who wishes to be added to the mailing list, send an email to me at and say they would like to be on the list – and let us know their Dutch connection and contact info. Please send any pertinent info to be included in the next Letter. If you no longer wish to receive our emails, I’ll be lost, confused and probably lose sleep at night. I mean, really. I will feel like I have failed somehow. But if you really feel that way, click the link below or If you want to be removed from the mailing list, just hit reply and say, “remove me” — and I will do so immediately !I promise we do not share our mailing list with anyone, and do not publish email addresses on the list because of possible scammers.


(Above) Photo of Eddie Cozine, Mt Washington KY and Carolyn Leonard, OKC at Conewago Cemetery in PA, 2011, on the “Footprints to New Amsterdam” tour.


SENT BY: Andrew Terhune, President of the Holland Society of New York.
Here’s a good resource for Dutch history:
SENT BY: Corey Armstrong
I’m writing this because my 6th great grandfather was Andrew Shuck who settled in northern Shelby/Henry Co. Ky as a member of the Low Dutch Colony. I would love to get info about the Dutch Cousins meeting. I still live in Shelby Co. KY.
SENT BY: Kathy Duncan

My name is Kathleen Van Arsdale Duncan, I recently discovered that my brothers and I are directly related to Cornelius A Van Arsdall in Harrodsburg, Ky.  It has been an interesting story how we found the connection from the HHS webpage.  Please let me know that you get this.

SENT BY: Carol Hayen Neckermann Ballard

Carolyn, my Mother, Rogene Smith, passed away on January 22nd.  She asked me to keep all of her genealogical information, so I’m requesting that you now send this information to me. To verify my Mother’s death, you can go to


SENT BY: Darren Westerfield

I have an Illinois Atlas that shows every tiny town down to the stream.  I went to Lake Shelbyville a couple of years ago and found the town of Westervelt east of Shelbyville so I circled it.  I had forgotten all about it until my recent family history inquiries.  I’ve done numerous searches and can’t find any Westerfield/Westervelts in the area whatsoever.  Do you have any info on how this town was founded?  Wiki says it was a whistle stop town as the Chicago and Eastern Illinois Railroad expanded from Chicago to southern Illinois in the early 1900’s.


SENT BY: Joan Vanarsdale (reply to last Dutch Letters)
Welcome Jane!  I’m so sorry your dad is not with you any more.  He was a big help to me with family history of our Van Arsdalls.    Your ancestor stayed in MO when mine went to IL.  I’d like to discuss our ancestors with you if you could contact me at your convenience. 
SENT BY: Dennis & Carole Karwatka
Thanks again for a wonderful Dutch Cousin’s newsletter.  You may have several responses to your question of where we met at our 2007 reunion.  We met at the Stratton Community Center in Shelbyville all day on Saturday.  We stayed at the Best Western Motel, and had lunches at the Old Stone Inn on Friday, and Science Hill on Saturday. We are having a cold winter here in Kentucky, but not as cold as others.  Tell Jon hello for us, stay safe, and I’ll see you on Facebook.
(NOTE: LOVE YOU CAROLE & DENNIS!  Cold snap here in oklahoma also, temps down in the teens so I am staying in, proofreading the 2nd edition of WHO’S YOUR DADDY? genealogy book, thinking warm thoughts of my Dutch cousins.)
SENT BY: Jim Cozine of Las Vegas
Interesting story about the apple orchard by Pres Terhune in the Holland Society of NY, January issue

On December 27, the New York Times published When Picking Apples on a Farm with 5,000 Rules, Watch Out for the Ladders. The article is about the myriad rules and regulations that complicate the already difficult business of growing wholesome food. It focused on Indian Ladder Farms owned by the family of long-time Patroon Branch member Peter Ten Eyck II. I spoke with him about the article. Peter was particularly impressed with the Times’s fact-checking and his estimation of the paper has accordingly risen.

Peter and I shared experiences of trying one’s best to comply with the “5,000 Rules” alluded to in the Times article. Peter recalled that many years ago he was cited for not having toilet paper with the workers’ toilets thus violating one of the rules. Was he refusing to provide toilet paper? Not exactly. He explained that on a farm the half-life of a roll of toilet paper is measured in minutes. His solution was to give each worker their own roll. Problem solved! Well, no. Rules are rules. After the third citation, Peter marched to the regulator’s office and suggested that this would make an interesting article for the local paper. They came to terms: no more citations for toilet paper, no article.

SENT BY: Russ Gasero
Russell Gasero: Actually, the organization’s original name was “Reformed Dutch Churches in New York and New Jersey.”
In 1789, with the expansion of the church, the name became the “Reformed Dutch Churches in North America”.The act of incorporation in 1819 printed the name as “The Reformed Protestant Dutch Church” and then shortened it to “Reformed Dutch Church” (RDC). There were some variants and attempts to change or correct the name.
In 1867, the name officially became the Reformed Church in America, acronym RCA.

SENT BY: (Carolyn herself)
Malcolm Banta, one of our Dutch Cousin board members, has accepted the challenge of getting historical markers put up in Pennsylvania for the Conewago Colony.

People often confuse the CONEWAGO CHAPEL, a Roman Catholic Bacillica which is quite well known in the Adams/York County area, with stories of our Conewago Dutch Reformed Church. Our CONEWAGO DUTCH REFORMED Church was first located probably about 1768 next to the Northern Cemetery east of Gettysburg on land owned by Hendrick Banta and the second church, built probably about 1780, was on Cornelius Cozine’s land (Pleasant Plain) right next to what was called the “Great Road.” The “Great Road” from York to Pittsburgh is now called Swift Run Road, off Route 30 east of Gettysburg not far from New Oxford.

(2011 at Conewago, Mary Woodfill Park of Maryland, Arthur Weaner of near Gettysburg PA, and Carolyn Leonard Oklahoma.)

The book “Taxables: The Low Dutch settlement of the Conewago, York County, Pa., 1762-1799” by Arthur Weaner, is the very best reference for this history. (For more info, see my book review; the booklet is still available at the Adams County Historical Society.)  Our group of Dutch Cousins was privileged to have Mr. Weaner as our tour guide of the Conewago area two years ago on our Dutch Footprints to New York bus tour. He passed away just a couple months after he led us on the tour.

Mr. Weaner stated, “The (first) church was located between what is now Swift Run Road and the present cemetery. It must have been a log building with a fireplace.”

Mr. Weaner also said: “There are proceedings before the York Co. Court in early 1783 to lay out a road whose beginning was near the Low Dutch Meeting House on the Great Road from Nicholson’s Gap to Yorktown,” so that could mean the second meetinghouse was then active.

Rev. Cozine had purchased 435 acres in then York County in 1768, which he had named “Pleasant Plain.” This land adjoined lands of David Vandyne, Wm Love, George Seaborn and Henry Banta in Straban Township. By 1784, Rev. Cozine was the first official pastor (Domine) of this church, and he served to his death in 1786.  Dr. E. T. Corwin’s “Manual of the Reformed Church in America,” refers to Domine Cozine as a good man and of considerable force of character. The official church record shows Dom. Cosine performing baptisms as early as 1772, and continuing to 1788 – two years after the probate of his will. (We are sure he stopped baptizing when he died in 1786.)

Mr. Weaner continued, “There were actually two church buildings, The first next to the cemetery, built on land owned by Henry Banta and then a later on another one was built around 1780 at the north end of Conewago colony.”

The colony was shaped something like a half moon with a cemetery at either end. Both cemeteries still exist and are maintained. In regard to the dissolution of the Church assets, Rev. Cornelius Cosine deeded about one acre of land to the church and named Francis Cossart, David VanDine and David Demaree as the Trustees.

The second Conewago Dutch Reformed Church was on the one acre donated by the Rev. Cornelius Cozine around 1780. The congregation decided to build the second church around 1780 closer to the center of the community. Mr. Weaner shows the location of the second church to be at the junction of York and Coleman roads, a spot three miles southwest to Gettysburg and five miles northwest to New Oxford, on current Route 30. On the Heritage Quest website, and perhaps other websites, you can pull up Richard Brinkerhof’s book, “The Family of Joris Dircksen Brinkerhoff,” which has some very nice maps of the Conewago settlement, showing the Church. They apparently did not move the building from Henry Banta’s property, but the congregation relocated and built a new church.

The colonists of Conewago cleared farms and built homes along a road known then -and now- as the Low Dutch road. The Road extended Southwesterly from the junction of Little Conewago with Big Conewago Creek about 2 miles east of Hunterstown to the Baltimore Pike and down the pike to Two Taverns.  Rev. Cozine and the history of the Conewago church can be found in articles of the Folsom Club, Manual of the Reform Churches of America, and in Allied Families of the Conewago Colony. 

The list of Conewago Dutch settlers and a map of their lands and a few other pages from Mr. Weaner’s book are below. No town was actually formed, but the settlers lived along the Low Dutch Road.

Mr. Weaner guided our bus tour in September 2011, narrating the route as we stopped at the Banta Cabin, the Low Dutch Northern Cemetery and the Southern cemetery. He took us to Huntertown and described the history of that place and entertained us with stories all afternoon. What a wonderful day that was!  He passed away in his sleep a couple months after our visit at the age of 85, but what a lot of friends he had made.

Address to send donations to the maintenance of the Conewago Colony Dutch cemeteries.
Mr. Donald J. Lott
140 West View Dr.
Elizabethtown, PA 17022-9794
(717) 367-4604
cell: 717-575-4132

We identify with the northern Church and the cemetery, as that is where our ancestors worshiped prior to going to Kentucky. The first Dutch emigration to Kentucky, then a county in Virginia, began the next year 1781 at White Oak Station on the Kentucky River one mile above Boonesboro in eastern Kentucky near Lexington. Others of the Conewago Colony community did not leave until later in the 1790s.

Collins’ “History of Kentucky,” Vol. II pg 523, mentions the first Dutch immigration in 1781 to present day Madison Co. In the group were Henry BANTA Sr, Henry BANTA Jr, Abraham and Jon BANTA, Peter, Daniel, Henry & Albert DURYEE, Peter COZART, Frederick RIPPERDAN, and John FLEUTY.  It took more than three months to make the journey. Many of these same Dutch names are listed as injured or killed in the Indian attack at the Long Run Massacre in Kentucky near the Dutch station and at Boone’s painted Stone Station that same year.


SENT BY: Jim Cozine

Arnold Gale Cozine of Festus, Missouri passed away January 16, 2018 at the age of 63 years. He was born August 11, 1954 in Jackson County, Missouri the son of the late William Delmar and Iris Juanita (Lorentz) Cozine Jr.

Arnold is survived by his daughter Lindsey Cozine of Festus, Missouri, two brothers; William Cozine of Festus, Missouri and Eric Cozine of DeSoto, Missouri, a sister, Maureen Cozine of Lake of the Ozarks, Missouri, and aunts, uncles, cousins, other relatives and friends.

In addition to his parents, Arnold was preceded in death by his sister, Diane Edding


SENT BY: Judy Cassidy
The original land parcels of James Van Nuyse were in the heart of the Low Dutch Tract where George List, Sr. had 40 acres, Tract H-32, while James Vannice had Tract H-8 of 53 acres on the N. E. side as shown on the Low Dutch Tract Map 1820-1840. The land was still in James Vannice’s name in the Henry County Tax List of 1842. George List, Jr., son of Theodore List and grandson of George List, Sr., was deceased by 22 May 1851. His will instructed his executors to purchase the dower land of the widow [Tine Bice Van Nuys] for the benefit of his children as he had already purchased the interest and shares of James Vannice from his heirs, D. B. Vannice of Oldham County and I. C. Vannice of Missouri.
Henry Co Ky Will Book 9:422-423, Henry Co Ky Deed Bk 22:217-218; Vince Akers, The Low Dutch Company (1982):14.
SENT BY: Carolyn Leonard
Editor, Dutch cousins of Kentucky

E-mail me: Editor234 (at)
On my web page
On the welcome page, choose DutchCousins and LowDutchHeritage.
Dutch letters are archived on our official webpage, by Pam Ellingson
Barbara Whiteside has a facebook page that you may find interesting, Dutch Cousins in Kentucky

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