As I understand it, 50 families came to Mercer County Kentucky by 1800. The “50 families” were associated with 19 Dutch names. Please correct me if this is wrong.

Banta, Bonta
Brewer, Brouwer
Cosart, Cossart
Cozine, Cosine
Demaree, Demarest
Riker, Ryker
VanArsdale, (many spellings)
Van Nuys,
Voris, Vorhees,
Westervelt, Westerfield

Why are the names spelled funny?

The names are sometimes a puzzle.


If you had an ancestor with one of these names listed on the next page, or varied spelling, who lived in Kentucky in the 1780 to 1850 period or later, then you are probably one of us — Dutch Cousins, or descendants of the Kentucky Low Dutch Colony.


These are not the only names, but the ones found and repeated most often. And … you should not get hung up on spelling. Name spellings weren’t standardized several generations ago, and many people spelled even their own name in a variety of ways. In addition, many people couldn’t write and those who wrote for them when the need arose, sometimes had minimal spelling skills or simply spelled phonetically, writing down what they heard. If you know of a name or spelling variation I missed, please let me know.


Many of these variations in spelling came from a website about Conewago Colony:

and from the book “Taxables of the Low Dutch Settlement of the Conewago” by Arthur Weaner, available online from the Adams County PA Historical Society.



In his book, “Finding Our Wooden Shoes Vol II,” (partially online, see hot links page) Jim Cozine says this: “Here are Some notes on Dutch spelling ‑‑ The following letters were virtually interchangeable in medieval Dutch ‑ c and k, j and y, and f and v. Some of the changes from Old Dutch (sometimes called Low German) to Modern Dutch that appear so many times in our name are: ‘s’ became ‘z’ ‑ but old ‘z’ becomes ‘s’ ‑ they appear to remain interchangeable even today; ‘ij’ or ‘y’ became’ i’; ‘k’ became ‘c’.”

… and now, here’s the list of Dutch name variations. If you know a variation or a Low Dutch name I have left off, please let me know.

Banta, Bonta, Banter, Bohon 

Bergen, (Berkas?)

Bice, Boice, Boyce, Dice, Buys, Buijs, Boyce

Bodine, Bedine

Bogert, Bogart

Brewer, Brouwer, Bruner

Brinkerhoff, Brinkerhof, Blinkerhoff, Tickerhoof, Tickerhuff

Brokaw, Broca, Burcaw, Bercaw, Barklow, Degraw

Carnine, Conyn, Conine, Canine, Carmine, Cole 

Cosart, Cozzart, Cossatt, Cassat, Canine, Cazatt, Cersart, Crosser, Kennine, Kinnine, Cozatt, Cozarte, Cozart, Cozad, Cosarte, Cossarte

Comingo, Comingore, Comonger, Commonger
Conover, Cochenauer, Covenover, Covinover, Cownoyen, Cownover, (Cowenhoven?), Coshon, Cleton, Chamberlain

Covert, Coovert, Kosvert, Kovert, Cover

Cozine, Cosine, Casine, Crosine, Cousine, Kosijn, Cosijn, Consyn, Consine, Consynze, Cosin, Cosyns, Cosynsen, Cosynsze, Cousyn, Cousny, Couzine, Crozine, Cosyne

Debaun, Debond, Debound, Deband, Deboun

Demaree, De Marest, Des Marest, Dumeree, Dimaree, Deamorist, Demarist, DeMaris, Demarest

Demott, DeMotte, Dedaum

Dorland, Darland, Dorling, Darling, Durlind, Derlind

Duree, Durie, Diree, Duryee, (originally du Ryzs) Dates, Durboraw

Fulkerson, Holgerson, Volkertszen

Fleuty, Fonteyn, Fontine, Yeury

Huff, Hough, Huffman, Hite, Hoff, Houghtalins

Konning, Koning, King, Koenig, Kyle, Conninck

Latshells, Lashel, Latchel, Lasshels, Lassheles

Lys, List

Lyster, Lister, Loyster, Leister, Loister, Louster, Luyster

Monfort, Monfor, Munfort, Monford, Minefore, Menfore, Montfort, Monfoort

Riker, Ryker, Rykker

Rinerson, Rynearson, Rynersen, Ripperdan

Scomp, Schamp, Deschamps

Shuck, Schenck 

Slot, Lock

Smock, Smok, Smoak, Schrock 

Snedeker, Snyder, Snider

Stagg, Stegge, Stage, Stechk

Terhune, Terheuns 

Tewmey, Toomey, Tumey

VanArsdale, Van Arsdalen, Vanosdel, Vanorden, Van Ordon, Vanorsdale, Vann Ausdell, VanArsdall, VanArder, Vanarsdall, Van Norsdell, Van Norsdall, Van Aersdaelen, Van Nosdall, Fenosdal, Fenorsdall, Fanosdol, Van Ausdall, Vananglin, Van Ansdale, Van Orsdel, Van OsdoL (INCLUDES: Includes many variations of Van Arsdalen thru Van Norsdall)

VanDiver, Vandiveer, Vandivier, Vandine, Vandyke, VanDevere, Vandervier

Vanderbilt, Vanderbelt, Van Derbilt

Vanderipe, Van DerRipe

Vanderslice, Van Derslys

Van Dyne, Van Dine, Vandine, Finine, Fintine, Vanande, Vantine

VanDyke, Findike, Wandike, Vandyke

VanHarling, Van Herling, Van Harlingen

VanZant, Vanzent

Vanmeter, Van Meter

Van Nuys, Vannice, Van Nis, Vannys, Vannuyse, van Huys, van Hyte

Vaughn, Vann

VerBryck, Verbrike, Verbryke

Voris, Vorhees, Voorhees, Vores, Voress, Van Voorhees, Voorheese, Van Vorous, Voras, Van Voorkiss, Vource, Vorce, Voorus, Voorheez (and MANY more variations. Go to the website

Westerfield, Westervelt, Vesterbilt, Winterbill

Whitenack, Whiteneck, Weytekneght


Wyckoff, Wikoff, Wickoff

Yeury – see Fleuty