As I understand it, 50 families came to Mercer County Kentucky by 1800. The “50 families” were associated with 19 Dutch names. Please correct me if this is wrong.
VanArsdale, (many spellings)
Why are the names spelled funny?
The names are sometimes a puzzle.
If you had an ancestor with one of these names listed on the next page, or varied spelling, who lived in Kentucky in the 1780 to 1850 period or later, then you are probably one of us — Dutch Cousins, or descendants of the Kentucky Low Dutch Colony.
These are not the only names, but the ones found and repeated most often. And … you should not get hung up on spelling. Name spellings weren’t standardized several generations ago, and many people spelled even their own name in a variety of ways. In addition, many people couldn’t write and those who wrote for them when the need arose, sometimes had minimal spelling skills or simply spelled phonetically, writing down what they heard. If you know of a name or spelling variation I missed, please let me know.
Many of these variations in spelling came from a website about Conewago Colony:
and from the book “Taxables of the Low Dutch Settlement of the Conewago” by Arthur Weaner, available online from the Adams County PA Historical Society.
In his book, “Finding Our Wooden Shoes Vol II,” (partially online, see hot links page) Jim Cozine says this: “Here are Some notes on Dutch spelling ‑‑ The following letters were virtually interchangeable in medieval Dutch ‑ c and k, j and y, and f and v. Some of the changes from Old Dutch (sometimes called Low German) to Modern Dutch that appear so many times in our name are: ‘s’ became ‘z’ ‑ but old ‘z’ becomes ‘s’ ‑ they appear to remain interchangeable even today; ‘ij’ or ‘y’ became’ i’; ‘k’ became ‘c’.”
… and now, here’s the list of Dutch name variations. If you know a variation or a Low Dutch name I have left off, please let me know.
Banta, Bonta, Banter, Bohon
Bice, Boice, Boyce, Dice, Buys, Buijs, Boyce
Brewer, Brouwer, Bruner
Brinkerhoff, Brinkerhof, Blinkerhoff, Tickerhoof, Tickerhuff
Brokaw, Broca, Burcaw, Bercaw, Barklow, Degraw
Carnine, Conyn, Conine, Canine, Carmine, Cole
Cosart, Cozzart, Cossatt, Cassat, Canine, Cazatt, Cersart, Crosser, Kennine, Kinnine, Cozatt, Cozarte, Cozart, Cozad, Cosarte, Cossarte
Comingo, Comingore, Comonger, Commonger
Conover, Cochenauer, Covenover, Covinover, Cownoyen, Cownover, (Cowenhoven?), Coshon, Cleton, Chamberlain
Covert, Coovert, Kosvert, Kovert, Cover
Cozine, Cosine, Casine, Crosine, Cousine, Kosijn, Cosijn, Consyn, Consine, Consynze, Cosin, Cosyns, Cosynsen, Cosynsze, Cousyn, Cousny, Couzine, Crozine, Cosyne
Debaun, Debond, Debound, Deband, Deboun
Demaree, De Marest, Des Marest, Dumeree, Dimaree, Deamorist, Demarist, DeMaris, Demarest
Demott, DeMotte, Dedaum
Dorland, Darland, Dorling, Darling, Durlind, Derlind
Duree, Durie, Diree, Duryee, (originally du Ryzs) Dates, Durboraw
Fulkerson, Holgerson, Volkertszen
Fleuty, Fonteyn, Fontine, Yeury
Huff, Hough, Huffman, Hite, Hoff, Houghtalins
Konning, Koning, King, Koenig, Kyle, Conninck
Latshells, Lashel, Latchel, Lasshels, Lassheles
Lyster, Lister, Loyster, Leister, Loister, Louster, Luyster
Monfort, Monfor, Munfort, Monford, Minefore, Menfore, Montfort, Monfoort
Riker, Ryker, Rykker
Rinerson, Rynearson, Rynersen, Ripperdan
Scomp, Schamp, Deschamps
Smock, Smok, Smoak, Schrock
Snedeker, Snyder, Snider
Stagg, Stegge, Stage, Stechk
Tewmey, Toomey, Tumey
VanArsdale, Van Arsdalen, Vanosdel, Vanorden, Van Ordon, Vanorsdale, Vann Ausdell, VanArsdall, VanArder, Vanarsdall, Van Norsdell, Van Norsdall, Van Aersdaelen, Van Nosdall, Fenosdal, Fenorsdall, Fanosdol, Van Ausdall, Vananglin, Van Ansdale, Van Orsdel, Van OsdoL (INCLUDES: Includes many variations of Van Arsdalen thru Van Norsdall)
VanDiver, Vandiveer, Vandivier, Vandine, Vandyke, VanDevere, Vandervier
Vanderbilt, Vanderbelt, Van Derbilt
Vanderipe, Van DerRipe
Vanderslice, Van Derslys
Van Dyne, Van Dine, Vandine, Finine, Fintine, Vanande, Vantine
VanDyke, Findike, Wandike, Vandyke
VanHarling, Van Herling, Van Harlingen
Vanmeter, Van Meter
Van Nuys, Vannice, Van Nis, Vannys, Vannuyse, van Huys, van Hyte
VerBryck, Verbrike, Verbryke
Voris, Vorhees, Voorhees, Vores, Voress, Van Voorhees, Voorheese, Van Vorous, Voras, Van Voorkiss, Vource, Vorce, Voorus, Voorheez (and MANY more variations. Go to the website vanvoorhees.org)
Westerfield, Westervelt, Vesterbilt, Winterbill
Whitenack, Whiteneck, Weytekneght
Wyckoff, Wikoff, Wickoff
Yeury – see Fleuty